At Worlingworth we use the 'Letters and Sounds' scheme to teach phonics through Nursery and Key Stage 1. Phonics are the 'building blocks,' the sounds within each word. Once the children learn these sounds they can decode words and read them.

Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education and Skills in 2007. It aims to build children's speaking and listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. It sets out a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills for children, with the aim of them becoming fluent readers by age seven.

To support children in their learning, we have a Subscription to Phonics Play which is a great resource for the children to use at home, both independently and with an adult.

In school children read a variety of books, including books from the Oxford Reading Tree, Floppy's Phonics and  Bug Club. These books are written so that most of the words can be decoded using the children's understanding of phonics. Most of the other words will be 'key' words that the children are expected to learn to read, but cannot be decoded using phonics, for example, 'the' and 'was'.

Reading is about more than just decoding the words! Children should be learning to read with fluency and expression, which shows that they understand the story. Of course, they should also enjoy the story!

As the children progress through primary school the emphasis moves onto comprehension aspects and reading 'between the lines'.

Reading at Home
It is very important that primary school children read every night. This not only helps the children develop their reading skills, but it helps them learn new vocabulary and improves their writing.

Children are expected to read every night and record this in their reading journal. Please sign your child's reading journal when you have read with your child.

Key Stage 1 and Reception should read their reading book to an adult, as well as enjoying looking at books independently. This should take 10-15 minutes each evening.

Key Stage 2 should spend at least 20 minutes each evening, either reading independently or to an adult. Please record your reading in your reading journal.

These shared reading times are a great opportunity to discuss books and stories together. All children benefit (even year 6!) from listening to stories being read to them. Please try to find the time to share a story with your child.